The only country in the world to retain the Varjayana form of Mahayana Buddhism as its own religion. In Bhutan the Buddhism has played a important role in cultural, ethical and sociological development of Bhutan and its people. It permeates all strands of secular life, bringing with it a reverence for the land and its well-being. In every house you will find a alter, and in every village a temple and visitors will be surprise to see huge fortress built during the sixteenth century to protect from Tibetan invasion. Today the Dzong function as the centre of both religious and secular activities in each valley.
The head of the Bhutan’s monk body is Je-Khenpo, is deeply revered figure who is afforded the same respect as the monarch. There are four Lopens (masters) which share the same rank as minister. Each lopen has there own responsible.
Throughout Bhutan, chortens (Stupas) dot the landscape. They ward off evil spirit and protect travelers and residents from imminent danger. They also said to symbolically represent the mind of the Buddha and serve to remind people of the possibility of and the path to enlightenment.
Prayer flags on mountain slopes, bridges an high passes are even more common. transmitting prayers to the Gods and keeping up a constant communication with the heavens, prayer flags fluttering in the wind are simple reminder of the charity and ubiquity of the Buddhist faith.